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Identity Anxiety and Religious Dependence: The Issue of Muslim Immigrants in Europe from the Perspective of Olivier Roy's "Neofundamentalism"

Published:2018-06-14 Published:2018-06-14   Author:Huang Ping   [Small] [Middle] [Big] [More]
Muslim immigrants in Europe have a strong anxiety of identity, especially for the second- and third-generation immigrants. Neofundamentalism is a new development of Islamic fundamentalism in the context of globalization, which abandons the strategy of achieving political normalization within the framework of modern nation-state, chooses to revive Islam at the transnational level, and supports the establishment of a global Muslim community on the basis of Islamic law. Due to the unique background of European society, Neofundamentalism in some sense echoes the identity anxiety of Muslim immigrants. Therefore, Neofundamentalism has spread its influences in Europe and has caused various political consequences. Neofundamentalism in European society has several characteristics such as deterriorialisation and reterritorialization, deculturation and re-Islamization, and individualization and Jihadism.
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